Proceedings Boston, 1989

The Electronic Design Studio
Architectural Knowledge and Media in the Computer Era
The MIT Press


Theoretical foundations, knowledge-based design tools, information delivery systems for design, electronic media in the design studio.


The Electronic Design Studio
Architectural Knowledge and Media in the Computer Era
Edited by Malcolm McCullough, William J. Mitchell, and Patrick Purcell
July 1989, Boston, USA
The MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 1990
ISBN: 0-262-13254-0


  • What designers do that computers should. G. Stiny.
  • Syntactic structures in architecture: Teaching composition with computer assistance. U. Flemming.
  • A locus for knowledge-based systems in CAAD education. J.S. Gero.
  • Computer modeling: A first course in design computing. B. Dave and R. Woodbury.
  • Classes of design – classes of tools. G. Schmitt.
  • Tools for exploring associative reasoning in design. R.D. Coyne.
  • Designing with diagrams: A role for computing in design education and exploration. S.M. Ervin.
  • Relational modeling: A basis for computer-assisted design. M.D. Gross.
  • Top-down knowledge-based design. W.J. Mitchell and R.S. Liggett and M. Tan.
  • Shape recognition and transformation: A script-based approach. T. Nagakura.
  • The computability of architectural knowledge. R. Oxman and R. Oxman.
  • Architectural knowledge structures as “design shells”: A knowledge-based view of design systems and CAAD education. R. Oxman.
  • Saying what it is by what it is like – describing shapes using line relationships. M. Tan.
  • A CAAD model for use in the early design phases. M. de Vries and H. Wagter.
  • Light table: An interface to visual information systems. P. Purcell and D. Applebaum.
  • Messina 1908: The invisible city. S. de Cola and B. de Cola and F. Pentasuglia.
  • Supporting reflection-in-action in the Janus design environment. R. McCall and G. Fischer and A. Morch.
  • Image collections in the design studio. D. van Bakergem.
  • CALinCAD: computer-aided learning in CAAD. R. van Zutphen.
  • Hypertext: A computer tool to assist building design. D.J. Vanier.
  • Computational design instruction: Towards a pedagogy. O. Akin.
  • The computerized design firm. F. Catalano.
  • Computer integrated design: Transformation as process. M. Cigolle and K. Coleman.
  • Some years’ experience teaching CAAD. R. Cipriani and A.D. Lagomarsino and A. Stagnaro and E. Valenti and T. Sambolino.
  • Irises in a landscape: An experiment in dynamic interaction and teaching design studio. J.W. Danahy.
  • Integrating computing into an architectural undergraduate program. C.W. Fox.
  • The organization of CAD teaching in design schools. R.S. Frew.
  • Case studies in moviemaking and computer-aided design. E. Mark.
  • Low-threshold modeling. M. McCullough.
  • The thousand-acre sketch problem. J. McIntosh and M. Pihlak.
  • Form processing workshop: Architectural design and solid modelling at MIT. F.C. Miller.
  • A primitive-instancing interactive 3-D modeling system for spatial design studies. M. Morozumi and H. Nakamura and Y. Kijima.
  • Color contrast and CAAD: The seven color contrasts of Johannes Itten. R.B. Norman.